Sadly the NDB BIA on 474kHz in service at Rzeszów Airport has been turned off.
For many years the carrier at 474kHz and the sidebands at 473kHz and 475kHz were used by polish radioamateurs to check their 630m equipment. Foreign radioamateurs used this NDB to judge the propagation to Poland.
This will change the way we work in the CW segment in the 630m band in Europe. Up to now we had to use 472-472.7kHz or around 473.5kHz, and a narrow filter was necessary. After BIA is switched off we can use the whole 472-475kHz segment, also with wider filters.
Christmas transmission from SAQ on 17.2kHz, 24 december 2018 8:00 UTC
Received at SQ5BPF QTH Warsaw/Poland KO02md.
E-field active antenna, vlfrx-tools and Spectrum Lab receiver
The message was:
CQ CQ CQ DE SAQ SAQ SAQ = THIS IS GRIMETON RADIO/SAQ IN A TRANSMISSION USING THE ALEXANDERSON 200KW ALTERNATOR ON VLF 17.2KHZ. = WE WISH YOU ALL A MERRY CHRISTMAS AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR = SIGNED THE WORLD HERRITAGE AT GRIMETON AND THE ALEXANDER VETERANRADIOS VAENNER ASSOCIATION = FOR QSL INFO PLEASE READ OUR WEBSITE WWW.ALEXANDER.N.SE WWW.ALEXANDER.N.SE = DE SAQ SAQ SAQ SK
Autumn and winter are great for experimenting on the medium wave band. We’ve tried a 150m baloon-lifted antenna.
Our objectives were:
To see how a quarter-wave vertical works at 472kHz
Testing the hydrogen generator
Determining how much weight can be lifted by a 1m diameter baloon, and how it will behave in the wind.
The results are encouraging. This is an analysis of the experiment:
During the experiment we had very strong wind with gusts up to 15m/s. This, combined with rain, damaged the baloon. In these circumstances a kite would have probably been better. Unfortunately we couldn’t do the experiment when the weather was better. During high winds a string support is needed for the base antenna line. At first we’ve tried a fibreglass/epoxy fishing rod, but the forces were too strong and we had to change it for a wooden pole.
2. It’s best to use a copper-covered welding wire. It’s strong enough and very light. Unfortunately aluminium wire is not strong enough. It’s also best not to use wires covered in isolation, because of their additional weight.
3. If the antenna is to be used during the night, there has to be some means to show the baloon position. We think that it is sufficient to use a simple pulsating LED light powered by a watch battery.
4. The antenna was tuned to resonance with an antenna analyzer by varying the antenna length. This way we were able to quickly determine the correct length of the wire. The SWR varies with the antenna position relative to earth, the range is about 1.3 – 2.3.
5. For ground we used an earthing rod in a 13m deep well. The resistance of this ground is 37Ω at 70Hz, at 472kHz it is probably much higher. The antenna impedance was about 200Ω, so we needed to use a 1:4 transformer to match the antenna. The theoretical impedance of a quarter-wave vertical is around 35Ω, so the rest (200Ω-35Ω=125Ω) is due to loss. This calculates to antenna efficiency around 15%, so we need around 15W to get to the 1W EIRP legal limit.
6. The signal was received by many european stations. Unfortunately the baloon was destroyed by very strong wind and rain before the transatlantic propagation time.
7. The optimal way of generating hydrogen in an amateur setting is the reaction betweem aluminium and NaOH (sodium hydroxide) solution One should not use aluminium dust or fine filings, because the reaction is too quick and overheats. Aluminium soft-drink cans are covered with paint, and the reaction goes too slowly in this case. Larger aluminium shavings are optimal. NaOH can be purchased as pellets used for unclogging pipes. The generator consists of three parts: a hydrogen generator (bottle with the NaOH solution and aluminium), a scrubber (bottle with water that the gas passes through) and preferably a dessicator (third bottle with solid dessicant). You should wear protective gear at all times, and take measures not to harm yourself. A concentrated NaOH solution will cause permanent damage to eyes and the rest of the body. If in doubt, consult a chemist (both of the founders of klubnl.pl have a masters degree in chemistry).
A scheduled transmission from Grimeton Radio / SAQ on Christmas Eve, December 24, 2018 was announced via email:
In the morning of Christmas Eve, December 24, we will try to start the old Alexanderson 200 kW transmitter, from 1924 and send out a Christmas message on VLF 17.2 kHz CW. The transmitter will be tuned up from around 08:30 (07:30 UTC) and a message* will be transmitted at 09:00 (08:00 UTC).
A roaring machine, morse code and Irish folk music – celebrate the UN Day of October 24 at the World Heritage Site Grimeton!
Man’s quest for contacts and faster relationships between each other is tireless. A proof of this are the many attempts made to put a telegraph cable on the bottom of the Atlantic before the seemingly impossible project was finally landed – the connection between Europe and America was established, from Ireland to Newfoundland, and opened for telegram traffic in August 1866 .
We celebrate this great event in international relations by sending out a peace message to the world with the long-wave transmitter SAQ and then a concert in the Irish folk spirit with the Varberg band Green Hill.
18.00 The world heritage opens
18.30 (16.30 UTC) all visitors are greeted welcome and the long wave transmitter SAQ is started
19.00 (17.00 UTC) a peace message is sent out*
19.15 (ca) concert with Green Hill
Free entrance. Arrive in time as there are limited amount of seats.
The transmission is on 17,2 kHz CW.
You can also watch a live video stream of the transmission on www.alexander.n.se.
No QSL-cards will be given this time and no List of Reports will be constructed but we accept shorter Listeners Report to e-mail [email protected].
*The world heritage site Grimeton is a living cultural heritage. All transmissions with the long-wave transmitter SAQ are therefore preliminary and may be cancelled with short notice.