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R: Antenna resistance (Re: LF: EbNaut Autodecoder 137490 Hz: EA5DOM rece

To: <[email protected]>
Subject: R: Antenna resistance (Re: LF: EbNaut Autodecoder 137490 Hz: EA5DOM received)
From: "[email protected]" <[email protected]>
Date: Sat, 27 Oct 2018 18:12:54 +0200 (CEST)
Reply-to: [email protected]
Sender: [email protected]
Hi Paul, Luis, Markus, LF

let me join the topic ;-)
the antenna location of Luis is something else of your Markus and Paul and much similar to mine: roof based antennas with elevated ground (in my case) and vertical ground (the water pipe) for Luis.
Anyway also in my case the serie resistance of my antenna increases with rain (almost doubles).
But.. Luis, probably assumes the lower impedance basing on the higher current.
Luis, what kind of LPF have you adopted?
Now I have a T filter with no shunting cap at the input and impedance increases with rain both with and without LPF, but if I remember correctly, when in the past I had an PI LPF with shunting input and output caps the impedance in my shack was transformed from the transmission line and LPF giving lower impedance by rain.

Could be an explication?

By the way, just for fate it's raining also here and I made some measurement when dry again will repeat ;-)

Have a funny weekend LF

Marco IK1HSS

----Messaggio originale----
Da: [email protected]
Data: 27-ott-2018 12.34
A: <[email protected]>
Ogg: Antenna resistance (Re: LF: EbNaut Autodecoder 137490 Hz: EA5DOM received)

Hi Luis, Markus, LF

This is a very interesting topic for me too.

My antenna resistance is very high, usually more than 100 ohms. I
think there may be a few reasons. There are trees near the antenna
which I presume to be lossy. My antenna ground system is not tied
into the house ground, in order to minimize 120 Hz sidebands on my
transmitted signal. When I tie the grounds together the level of
these sidebands increases almost 20 dB. Also my RX antenna is more
noisy when the TX antenna ground and house ground are tied together.
I suppose this is because more noise is radiated from the TX
antenna, then picked up by the RX antenna which has its own small,
isolated ground.

Rain has no effect on the antenna resistance, but temperature does.
During summer there is little change, just minor variations. But as
the temperature drops and begins to approach freezing, resistance
begins to get lower. There is a big drop right around freezing or
few degrees below, but resistance continues to drop with even lower
temperatures, reaching minimum on the coldest winter nights. Last
winter I saw it reach 40 ohms a few times. :)

I am no expert but I guess the trees are partly responsible for the
high resistance and the drop with freezing temperature?

Anyway I can run enough power to reach calculated 1W EIRP and it's
enough to be heard across that little pond. :)

But here is a related question: I have calculated my EIRP to be one
watt using the measured resistance, antenna parameters and current.
But does this calculation include all the losses in trees? If I had
the proper equipment to make field strength measurements at a
distance, would I find that my EIRP is less than one watt due to the
tree losses?

Paul N1BUG

On 10/27/18 5:45 AM, Markus Vester wrote:
> Hi Luis,
>> Impedance drops a lot after rain
> This seems unusual. I have exactly the opposite effect here:
> Series resistance at 137 kHz is normally around 20 ohms
> (including 5 ohms for the coil). When it rains it get worse up to
> about 40 ohms, whereas best times are cold and dry winter days
> with ~15 ohms when the trees are solidly frozen. So I presume
> that the major contribution to my resistance are
> capacitively-coupled losses in vegetation and other nearfield
> environment. The ground connection itself (the "house earth"
> which is connected to electric grid PE, and also pipe systems for
> water supply and distict heating) seems to have a low resistance.
> My only explanation for lower wet resistance would be if one were
> using a separate radial system in the garden, whose connection to
> ground might be better when the lawn is soaked. But I don't think
> this applies to your setup at all.
> Best 73, Markus
> Von: VIGILANT Luis Fernández
> I'm struggling
> here with the antenna. Most of the time impedance rises and I
> hardly run 1A RF current
> Rainy weekend here.
> Impedance drops a lot after rain. Let's see how much current can
> drainLast time I could see almost 4A RF.

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