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Fw: LF: LF-antenna with top load

To: "LF-Group" <[email protected]>
Subject: Fw: LF: LF-antenna with top load
From: "Dick Rollema" <[email protected]>
Date: Thu, 16 Sep 1999 20:08:47 +0200
Cc: "Koos Fockens, PA0KDF" <[email protected]>, "Ger van Went, PA0GER" <[email protected]>
Reply-to: [email protected]
Sender: <[email protected]>
To All,

As a answer to a question by Mike, G3XDV,  I have sent the following e-mail
to the reflector:

Mike, G3XDV wrote:

1. No top load
Efficiency: 10.8%
2. One horizontal top load wire of 5 m
 Efficiency: 12.5%
4. One horizontal top loading wire of 10 m
Efficiency: 11.9%

6. One horizontal top loading wire of 20 m
Efficiency: 10.0%


There's something wrong here isn't there?. You have a reducing
efficiency for increasing top load length. Surely that can't be right.

I replied:

Yes, I agree it looks strange. But it results from the way  efficiency is
calculated: radiation resistance divided by the sum of radiation and loss
resistance. When the loss resistance increases more than the radiation
resistance efficiency goes down.  In the real world the actual efficiency
will certaily get better as the small increase of wire loss is almost
swamped  by the total resistance of the system: earth loss + coil loss +
wire loss.
What really matters is the increase of Rs.

It is better to ignore the efficiency figures; I used them only to
Rs from the real part in
Z = R + jX

After sending the e-mail I realised I should have explained why I mentioned
efficiency at all if it was better  ignored.

The reason is that the computer program does not produce  radiation
resistance directly. What comes out of the machine is Z = R + jX for an
antenna over perfect ground, plus the efficiency. The only loss involved is
then due to the resistance of the antenna wires, so R = wire resistance +
radiation resistance.

From this follows:  Efficiency = {Radiation resistance/(wire resistance +
radiation resistance)} x 100%.

So I needed the efficiency to calculate the radiation resistance.

Peter, DF3LP,  in his e-mail suggested to set the wire resistance to zero so
directly obtaining Rs. But my program AO does not allow that; one has to
insert the material the wires are made of.

73, Dick, PA0SE

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