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Re: LF: TXing on VLF again, Iron powder cores...

To: "[email protected]" <[email protected]>
Subject: Re: LF: TXing on VLF again, Iron powder cores...
From: VIGILANT Luis Fernández <[email protected]>
Date: Sat, 16 Apr 2016 08:29:54 +0000
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Thread-topic: LF: TXing on VLF again, Iron powder cores...
Hi Stephan

Thank you very much for sharing you expertise on Yougurt manufacturing 
techniques ;-)

The pictures help a lot to get a clear idea of the coil. From earlier 
descriptions read here I had
a different picture (as scaring as the real one, anyway) of "the thing"

My idea for VLF coil was to use a big bucket (1m deep by 50cm big diameter) 
covering the LF
coill. Have not made inductance calculations yet, but seems like I will need 
very thin wire to achieve
>800mH . Working with such an small wire (may be 0.20mm) in such a big plastic 
>form is not a good
idea. Looks more interesting to split the problem into smaller sections, easier 
to manage. Stacking
them one into the other with intermediate iron power rings load, or makin

Some questions:

Which is the wire diameter you use ?

Which is the voltage you get in the last coil with the actual current ?

Which size is 40% higer diameter ?

Should other pieces of iron instead of iron power rings work for this purpose ?

I understand that the coils you use now are single layer wound. Right ?

73 de Luis
De: [email protected] [[email protected]] en 
nombre de DK7FC [[email protected]]
Enviado: viernes, 15 de abril de 2016 21:59
Para: [email protected]
Asunto: Re: LF: TXing on VLF again, Iron powder cores...


Today the improvements continued.
The goal was to replace the two ferrite rod moving side to side into the
air flow channel in the center of the small VLF coil.
I had the idea to replace them by iron powder cores, T106-25 types. I
recently ordered 100 of them, they were quite cheap:
There are 10 buckets stacked onto another. First i put 3 cores onto
every 2nd bucket, see
This worked very well.
Next i got the idea to put more of them into the coil, 3 on each bucket,
That worked even better.
But the whole construction became heavier and sagged into itselfe.
So i put more and more cores into the coil, 2x 6 onto each bucket! See and
I hoped that i can spare one of the buckets to reduce the overall losses
(= heating up) and reduce HV problems due to the higher stack, as well
as further reducing heating due to the higher surface of the higher stack.
Indeed, in the end it was possible to remove 2 of 10 buckets!
That means i got some of the cores back and put them (3 onto another!)
where the highest upheating has to be expected,

Now the is the current final construction for today,

The weight of the coil is about 3 kg now :-)

I can see now that the Q of the coil is much higher. In a transmit test
i measured a 3 dB BW of 180 Hz. With my 470 pF antenna the L is 788 mH.
So Q is 46 and the overall R (=loss) is about 890 Ohm, if my
calculations are correct :-)

I hope to be able to run more power and current now. 250 mA is hopefully
possible. That is a 2 dB improvement...

73, Stefan

PS: It would be interesting to go on playing the game: Using a bucket
with 40% higher diameter, also using twice the number of cores. This
would end up at a higher necessary stack distance (lower coupling) and
will sometime end up with a single layer coil! There will be a
compromise between: Size, max. power, max. voltage, losses, wire
diameter, weight, costs :-)

I can recommend the idea to those who plan to build a VLF TX coil :-)

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