Thanks for your thoughts.
> Considering today's pass marks at University is 30%
Not at any of the ones I know of. The pass mark is 40% for undergraduate, 50%
> Since the radio amateur examination has been reduced to a tick test(multiple
> choice) everyone is in with a chance, guess work,
Again, I'm afraid that's not actually true. People have understood this random
chance since multiple-choice was invented, and work round it. For every answer
you get wrong, you score a certain minus mark, calculated so that someone who
guesses at random will get roughly zero.
> This is not only my opinion but lots of others, to whom I have spoken.
Well, you can find people with many opinions. Did they have hard facts such as
> An earth spike is better than an ANTENNA !!!!!!!!!!!!!
I think the original comment to which you were replying was:
"Oddly , a good earth looks to do more for the signal than the Ae , any pipes
rods ect in the ground , use individual wires and bring them all back to the
same earth point , its not conductance that makes the difference is ground
capacity , the more the better , wires under the top of the ae will add to
the return path for the current... "
I don't think the correspondent was saying that an earth was better than an
aerial. He was saying that improving the earth did more than improving the
This is not surprising if the earth was originally poor. Remember that the
current from the Tx has to flow (to put it crudely) out through the aerial and
back in through the earth. If either has a high resistance it will restrict the
current. Suppose (to invent some fictitious figures) that the aerial has a
resistance of 100 Ohms and the earth 1000 Ohms, thus a total of 1100. If you
halve the aerial resistance you will bring the total down to 1050, but if you
halve the earth resistance you will bring it down to 600.
So to speak, a poor earth throttles a good aerial.
This is just the old common sense that if you have a good thing and a poor
thing, you're often better off improving the poor thing.
> If possible get a 1/4 wave antenna installed at a good height otherwise
> expect poor results on MF. A match stick is a poor performer.
You're absolutely right, of course. Part of the name of the game for amateurs
on MF, who can't afford the towers for 1/4 waves, is what we can do with
> I have not heard any signals from from the EARTH man.
I'm not sure whether that was intended to be rude to him, but if so I'm not
sure it's the best way to encourage a fellow amateur who is trying to get