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Re: LF: Capacity hat puzzle

To: [email protected]
Subject: Re: LF: Capacity hat puzzle
From: "Rik Strobbe" <[email protected]>
Date: Wed, 18 Sep 2002 14:32:11 +0200
Reply-to: [email protected]
Sender: <[email protected]>
Hello Mike,

During lunchbreak I simulated your antenna (using MMAMA), making some variations on the topload (always with 3 parallel wires). I guessed your elevated inductance as 1mH.
Regardless of the topload configuration the radiation resistance is 0.047 Ohm.
The reactive part was :
for 3 wires joined at the near end (at the elevated coil) = -j3945 Ohm (297pF)
for 3 wires joined at the far end = -j3924 Ohm (298pF)
for 3 wires joined at both ends = -j3900 Ohm (300pF)
for 3 wires joined in a zig-zag configuration = -j3921 Ohm (298.5pF)
According to MMAMA the way you join the wires shouldn't make much change (less than 1%), but I do not know how well MMAMA behaves for very short antennas (the figures I get for simple configurations such as a straight vertical or inverted-L seem to be OK). The most efficient way to increase antenna capacity at a limited space seems to be spiral toploading as described by Alan at :
MMAMA gives a for a 14m high antenna with a 10 by 10m spiral topload (5 turns) and a 1mH elevated coil:
radiation resistance = 0.052 Ohm
reactance = -j2871 Ohm (408pF)

73, Rik  ON7YD

At 10:19 18/09/2002 +0100, you wrote:
My antenna failed recently because one of the leads to the elevated loading
coil had broken. To fix it I had to lower one of my 14m masts - a task
requiring several people so I don't do it very often.

Whilst the mast was down I modified the capacity hat. There are three 17m
long parallel wires, about 0.5 metres apart (total span 1m). The wires are
joined at both ends. (See for a

I changed this so that the wires were only joined at the far end. Now the
vertical wire and the elevated coil are connected to the centre wire only.
The RF travels along this centre wire to the end, then back using the outer
two wires in parallel..

I expected this to increase the inductance of the antenna and so lower its
resonant frequency. The actual effect was the opposite - the frequency
increased and I had to add inductance at the base of the vertical.

Any thoughts?

The next time I lower the mast, I will restore the connections.

Mike, G3XDV

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